33 решенные проблемы

I want to start my speech with paying tribute to Sergey Magnitskiy. Today 5 years anniversary of killing of Sergey Magnitskiy. I think that he is true hero of Russia. I am sure that future generation will admire him as national symbol.

It’s a great honor for me to speak in the British parliament, which has set an example of parliamentarism for the whole world.

Sadly, today Russia is far removed from the values of parliamentarism, and one of the main reasons for this is Russian economy’s dependence on its natural recourses.

In the modern world it is impossible to separate Russia’s economy from the economies of other countries, especially western countries - the main buyers of Russian fossil fuel. The money Russia makes from those deals Russian government spends on aggressive military operations and annexations of its neighbor’s territories, Georgia and Ukraine, and on increasing the repressive mechanisms against the opposition within the country.

As shocking as it may be, it is the fossil fuel money that pays for the propaganda machine in Russia, which teaches Russian people to hate the West and its values.

Along with oil ,gas and coal Russia also exports corruption, which is the inevitable part of dealings with the Russian fossil fuel companies.

This is why buying Russian natural recourses is not beneficial for either Russia or the West today.

In the times of an economic crisis when natural resources drop in price, dependence on those resources becomes a curse. Fossil fuel companies become prioritized over education and healthcare. In today’s Russia education budget is getting cut and hospitals are getting closed down. Instead of supporting the country in the difficult times, fossil fuel companies become a heavy load.

Russian government is currently deciding whether to give Rosneft 2 billion dollars to help them maintain their business from the National Wealth Fund. The National Wealth Fund was created as a reserve for pensions payments. Natural recourses companies in Russia either benefit from cut taxes or are exempt from them altogether.

Where the main treasures are oil, gas, coal, people have no value.

Those who come in the way of fossil fuel companies face very dire repressive measures from the government.

Russian judicial system and police all work not in the interests of the Russian people but in the interests of the owners of oil fossil fuel companies.

To illustrate this all we have to do is remember the arrest and absurd charges against the team of Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise who were protesting against the drilling on the Arctic shelf.

In Russia drilling for oil has always been connected with ecological problems. For example Rosneft wells alone cause up to 4000 leaks a year, which means that oil contaminates kilometers of ground daily.

But fossil fuel extraction is also a cause of violation of human rights, especially the rights of the ethnic groups on whose territories the natural resources happen to be.

For example In Kemerovo region explosions for coal extraction take place very close to the area inhabited by Shortzy. Shortzy is a Siberia nationality. Coal companies are attempting to force Shortzy to abandon the area, threaten them and set their houses on fire. If they still don’t leave, coal companies begin mining near their villages, which makes lives of those people unbearable.

In the process of coal mining harmful elements can get into the water, so, in the end, locals communities breathe bad air and drink contaminated water. Also, as it happens, local communities don’t benefit from the natural resources on their territory and all the profits go to the oligarchs - owners of those companies.

Another major problem is the use of oil, gas and coal, which are a very dirty kind of fuel. In the western countries it is known very well that climate change is taking place and will have very unpleasant consequence for humanity. The use of hydrocarbon fuel has a very negative affect on the climate change.

For a long time Russia did not consider this as a serious problem. However this year scholars in climate studies delivered a report in which it was admitted that climate change in Russia is happening 2,5 times faster than anywhere else on the planet. Unfortunately, those in power in Russia do not learn from this and do not change their policies.

Climate change is of course a global problem, that affects all countries. Naturally, it affects Russia as well. Climate change in Russia is not us suddenly having warm winters without the snow. It also manifests itself in forest fires after which in 2010 the death rate has gone up. It is also peat fires that are happening right now in Bryansk region in the area of Chernobyl trace which rescuers cannot put out and consequences of which can be compared to Fukusima. It is also the major floods that are happening every year, last year in Krymsk and this year in Altai, with the aftermath of which Russian authorities are incapable of dealing.

Buying and selling of the Russian natural recourses result in ecological problems within Russia and globally. And it pains me to say that Great Britain, even with the sanctions in place, continues to buy Russian coal, the worst and ecologically the dirtiest kind of fuel there is, mining of which results in major violations of rights of ethnic groups that live in the area.

I hope Great Britain will have the strength to stop buying this ecologically dangerous and human rights violating natural resource from Russia.